International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Education
Abbreviation: IJIAPE | ISSN (Print): 2602-4780 | ISSN (Online): 2602-4489 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiape

Original article    |    Open Access
International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Education 2022, Vol. 6(3) 135-156

The Relationship Between Pre-service Teachers’ University Preferences and the Sense of Belonging at the University

Emine Merve Uslu & Fatih Mutlu Özbilen

pp. 135 - 156   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiape.2022.473.2

Published online: September 30, 2022  |   Number of Views: 12  |  Number of Download: 42


Abstract

The study was carried out in order to determine the university preferences of pre-service teacher and their level of belonging to the university, and to reveal the relationship between them. The “Preferring University Scale” developed by Apaydın and Seçkin-Kapucu (2017) was used to determine the reasons for pre-service teachers’ university preference, and the “Scale of Belonging to the University” developed by Kahraman (2013) to determine the level of belonging to the university.The level of pre-service teachers’ preference for university; While informing about the university, job opportunities, geographical location, financial opportunities, close acquaintances, educational material, students studying at the university are considered within the scope of the effect of high school education; students' university affiliation; were examined within the scope of expectation, motivation, and identification dimensions.Data were obtained from 271 pre-service teachers studying at Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Education. The data obtained from the pre-service teachers were analyzed with the SPSS-23 program, t-Test, ANOVA tests and correlation analysis were used in the data analysis. When the results of the research were evaluated, it was determined that the mean scores of pre-service teachers regarding the level of preference and belonging to the university were at a moderate level. It was determined that the levels of pre-service teachers' preference and belonging to the university differed significantly according to the variables of gender, university department, reasons for choosing the university, place of residence, and the type of high school they graduated from. It has been determined that there is a moderate relationship between the reasons why pre-service teachers prefer the university and the level of belonging to the university.

Keywords: University Preference, Pre-service Teacher, University Belonging


How to Cite this Article

APA 6th edition
Uslu, E.M. & Ozbilen, F.M. (2022). The Relationship Between Pre-service Teachers’ University Preferences and the Sense of Belonging at the University . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Education, 6(3), 135-156. doi: 10.29329/ijiape.2022.473.2

Harvard
Uslu, E. and Ozbilen, F. (2022). The Relationship Between Pre-service Teachers’ University Preferences and the Sense of Belonging at the University . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Education, 6(3), pp. 135-156.

Chicago 16th edition
Uslu, Emine Merve and Fatih Mutlu Ozbilen (2022). "The Relationship Between Pre-service Teachers’ University Preferences and the Sense of Belonging at the University ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Education 6 (3):135-156. doi:10.29329/ijiape.2022.473.2.

References
  1. Apaydın, Ç., & Seçkin-Kapucu, M. (2017). Üniversiteyi tercih etme, akademik itibar ve sosyal etkinlik arasındaki ilişki: Akdeniz ve Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi lisans öğrencileri örneği. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi, 23(2), 199-222. [Google Scholar]
  2. Arastaman, G. (2006). Ankara ili lise birinci sınıf öğrencilerinin okula bağlılık durumlarına ilişkin öğrenci, öğretmen ve yöneticilerin görüşleri [Yayımlanmamış yüksek lisans tezi] Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara. [Google Scholar]
  3. Ancheh, K. S. B., Krishnan, A., & Nurtjahja, O. (2007). Özel üniversitelerin seçimi için değerlendirme kriterlerive Malezya'daki kolejler. Uluslararası Yönetim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2(1), 1-11. [Google Scholar]
  4. Ayık, Y. Z., Özdemir, A., & Yavuz, U. (2007). Lise türü ve lise mezuniyet başarısının kazanılan fakülte ile ilişkisinin veri madenciliği tekniği ile analizi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 10(2), 441-454. [Google Scholar]
  5. Banat, B. Y. I., & Rimawi, O. T. (2017). Sense of university belonging: A case study of Al-Quds University students. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 6(2), 60-71. [Google Scholar]
  6. Briggs, S. (2006). An exploratory study of the factors inluencing undergraduate student choice: The case of higher education in Scotland. Studies in Higher Education, 31(6), 705–722. [Google Scholar]
  7. Çokgezen, M. (2014). Determinants of university choice: A study on economics departments in Turkey. Yükseköğretim Dergisi, 4(1), 23-31. [Google Scholar]
  8. Duru, S. (2022). Öğretmen adaylarının üniversiteye giriş özellikleri, motivasyonları, üniversite ve alan seçimleri. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 1, 1-27. DOI: 10.9779/pauefd.1055525 [Google Scholar]
  9. Eccles, J. S., & Roeser, R. W. (2003). Schools as developmental contexts. In G. R. Adams & M. D. Berzonsky (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of adolescence: Blackwell handbooks of developmental psychology (pp. 129–148). Malden, MA: Blackwell. [Google Scholar]
  10. Freeman, T. M., Anderman, L. H., & Jensen, J. M. (2007). Sense of belonging in college freshmen at the classroom and campus levels. The Journal of Experimental Education, 75(3), 203-220. [Google Scholar]
  11. Goodenow, C. (1993). The psychological sense of school membership among adolescents: Scale development and educational correlates. Psychology in the Schools, 30(1), 79-90. https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6807(199301)30:1%3C79::AID-PITS2310300113%3E3.0.CO;2-X [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  12. Greenacre, L., Freeman, L., Cong, K., & Chapman, T. (2014). Understanding and predicting student word of mouth. International Journal of Educational Research, 64, 40-48. [Google Scholar]
  13. Hemsley-Brown, J., & Oplatka, I. (2015). University choice: What do we know, what don’t we know and what do we still need to find out?, International Journal of Educational Management, 29(3), 254 – 274. [Google Scholar]
  14. Kahraman, Ö. (2013). Öğrencilerin öğrenim gördükleri üniversiteye ait olmagereksinimlerinin incelenmesi [Yayımlanmamış doktora tezi]. İnönü Üniversitesi, Malatya. [Google Scholar]
  15. Kahraman, Ö., & Çırak, Y. (2018). Öğrencilerin öğrenim gördükleri üniversiteye ait olma gereksinimlerinin çeşitli değişkenlerle incelenmesi. İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 19(1)151-173. [Google Scholar]
  16. Karasar, N. (2012). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemi. Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım. [Google Scholar]
  17. Kelly, A. K., & Mulrooney, H. M. (2019). Student perceptions of belonging at university: A qualitative perspective. New Directions in the Teaching of Physical Sciences, 14(1). [Google Scholar]
  18. Knekta, E., Chatzikyriakidou, K., & McCartney, M. (2020). Evaluation of a questionnaire measuring university students’ sense of belonging to and involvement in a biology department. Life Sciences Education, 19(3), 1-14 [Google Scholar]
  19. Karacabey, M. F., Boyacı, A., & Özdere, M. (2016). Üniversitenin kurumsal imajini oluşturan unsurlarin öğrencilerin üniversite tercih ve devam etme karar sürecine etkileri. Uluslararası Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 3(9), 38-54. [Google Scholar]
  20. Lami, R., & Mele, M. (2014). Applying to higher education: Information sources and choice factors. L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez & I. Candel Torres (eds.), 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference Proceedings ( 4745-4752), Valencia: IATED Academy. [Google Scholar]
  21. Latham, N., & Wedwick, L. (2009). Teacher candidates’ attitudes that influence preparation choice: Traditional versus professional development school options. School-University Partnerships, 3(1), 90-99. [Google Scholar]
  22. Lubbe, I., & Petzer, D.J. (2013), Key information sources influencing prospective students’ university choice: a South African perspective, South African Journal of Higher Education, 27(4), 920-940. [Google Scholar]
  23. Mazzarol, T., & Soutar, G. N. (1999). Sustainable competitive advantage fot educational institutions: A suggested model. International Journal of Educational Management, 13(6), 287-300. [Google Scholar]
  24. Meehan, C., & Howells, K. (2018). In search of the feeling of “belonging” in higher education: undergraduate students transition into higher education. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 1–15. doi:10.1080/0309877x.2018.1490702 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  25. Moran, L., Brady, B., Forkan, C., & Coen, L. (2017). Building communities of youth: Narratives of community and belonging among young people attending Youth Cafés in Ireland. In Kenny et al. (Eds.) The Routledge handbook of community development. London: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  26. Mulrooney, H. M., & Kelly, A. F. (2020). The university campus and a sense of belonging: What do students think?. New Directions in the Teaching of Physical Sciences, 15(1), 1-12. [Google Scholar]
  27. Nora, A., & Cabrera, A. (1993). The construct validity of institutional commitment: A confirmatory factor analysis. Research in Higher Education, 34(2), 243–262. Education, 27(4), 920-940. [Google Scholar]
  28. Pittman, L. D., & Richmond, A. (2007). Academic and psychological functioning in late adolescence: The importance of school belonging. The Journal of Experimental Education, 75(4), 270–290. [Google Scholar]
  29. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2019). Brick by brick: The origins, development, and future of self-determination theory. In Elliot, A. J. (Ed.), Advances in motivation science, 6, 111–156. Cambridge, MA: Elsevier. [Google Scholar]
  30. Samura, M. (2018). Understanding campus spaces to improve student belonging. About Campus: Enriching the Student Learning Experience, 23(2), 19–23. https://doi.org/10.1177/1086482218785887 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  31. Sarı, M., & Özgök, A. (2014). Ortaokul öğrencilerinde okula aidiyet duygusu ve empatik sınıf atmosferi algısı. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 13(2), 479-492. [Google Scholar]
  32. Sarwar, M., & Ashrafi, G. M. (2014). Students’ commitment, engagement and locus of control as predictor of academic achievement at higher education level. Current Issues in Education, 17(3), 1-10. [Google Scholar]
  33. Sheng, X. (2017). Cultural capital, family background and education: Choosing university subjects in China. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 38(5), 721-737. [Google Scholar]
  34. Singh, R., & Mangat, N. S. (1996). Simple random sampling. Elements of Survey Sampling, (Kluwer Texts in the Mathematical Sciences, Vol. 15, 30-66). Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-1404-4_3 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  35. Slaten, C. D., Elison, Z. M., Deemer, E. D., Hughes, H. A., & Shemwell, D. A. (2017). The development and validation of the university belonging questionnaire, The Journal of Experimental Education, 1-19 DOI: 10.1080/00220973.2017.1339009 [Google Scholar]
  36. Suhonen, T. (2013). Are there returns from university location in a state-funded university system?. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 43(3), 465-478. [Google Scholar]
  37. Tabachinck, B. G., & Fidell, L.S. (2013). Using multivate startistics (6th ed.), Boston: Allyn and Bacon. [Google Scholar]
  38. Tamtekin-Aydın, O. (2015). University choice process: A literature review on models and factors affecting the process. Yükseköğretim Dergisi, 5(2), 103-111. [Google Scholar]
  39. Tao, S., Dong, Q., Pratt, M. W., Hunsberger, B., & Pancer, S. (2000). Social support: Relations to coping and adjustment during the transition to university in the People’s Republic of China. Journal of Adolescent Research, 15, 123–144. [Google Scholar]
  40. Tinto, V. (2003). Learning better together: The impact of learning communities on student success. Higher Education Monograph Series 2003 – 1, Higher Education Program, School of Education, Syracuse University. Accessed from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.472.8470&rep=rep1&type=pdf on 02.06.2022. [Google Scholar]
  41. Topaloğlu, O., & Topaloğlu, E. E. (2018). Eğitim fakültesi müzik eğitimi anabilim dalı öğrencilerinin üniversite tercih sebeplerinin incelenmesi (Ege Üniversitesi Örneği). Turkish Studies Educational Sciences. 13(27), 1465-1476. [Google Scholar]
  42. Türker, İ. H. (2017). Üniversite tercih aşamasındaki ortaöğretim son sınıf öğrencilerinin üniversite tercihini etkileyen faktörler üzerine bir araştırma [Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi], Kırıkkale Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Kırıkklale. [Google Scholar]
  43. Yang, H.-P. (S.), & Mutum, D. S. (2015). Electronic word-of-mouth for university selection: Implications for academic leaders and recruitment managers. Journal of General Management, 40(4), 23–44. https://doi.org/10.1177/030630701504000403 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  44. Yıldız, A. (2014). En iyi üniversite seçiminde analitik ağ prosesinin kullanımı. İleri Teknoloji Bilimleri Dergisi, 3(2), 108-119. [Google Scholar]
  45. Yokuş, G., Ayçiçek, B., & Yelken, T. Y. (2017). Üniversite öğrencilerinin yükseköğretim hizmet kalite algılarının ve kurumsal aidiyet düzeylerinin incelenmesi: Eğitim fakültesi örneği. Karaelmas Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 5(1), 1-18. [Google Scholar]